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Eur J Surg. 1996 Oct;162(10):805-10.

Stapled anastomoses in colorectal surgery: a prospective study.

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1
Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford, UK

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the safety and efficacy of stapled anastomosis in left sided colorectal reconstructions.

DESIGN:

Prospective study.

SETTING:

District hospital, UK.

SUBJECTS:

218 Consecutive patients who underwent elective colorectal reconstructions with stapled anastomoses between July 1980 and July 1994.

INTERVENTIONS:

154 Anterior resections of the rectum using single or double stapled anastomoses, 37 rejoining after Hartmann's operations, and 28 restorative proctocolectomies with formation of J pouch ileoanal anastomoses.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Morbidity and mortality.

RESULTS:

There were 5/154 clinical anastomotic leaks after anterior resection of the rectum and 1/28 after stapled J pouch ileoanal anastomoses. There were no leaks after rejoining of Hartmann's. The overall clinical leak rate was therefore 3%. 11/154 tumours recurred locally after anterior resection of the rectum (7%) during a mean follow up of 18 months, and 8 (73%) developed within 2 years of operation. All but one recurrence developed after single stapled anastomosis. Dukes' staging remains the most reliable prognostic indicator of the local recurrence of the tumour. There were five postoperative deaths after anterior resection but none after Hartmann's procedure or J pouch ileoanal anastomosis, giving an overall postoperative mortality of 2.3%.

CONCLUSION:

The use of stapling instruments in left sided colorectal anastomosis is safe and technically easy, with a low clinical anastomotic leak rate and an acceptable rate of local recurrence after anterior resection of the rectum.

PMID:
8934111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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