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J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1996 Nov-Dec;20(6):957-64.

Two-dimensional time-of-flight MR venography: assessment with detection of chronic deep venous thrombosis in combination with magnetization transfer contrast.

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Department of Radiology, Shimane Medical University, Japan.



The purpose of this study was to determine the optimum imaging parameters for 2D-TOF MR venography (MRV) of the pelvis and suprapopliteal deep venous system in combination with off-resonance magnetization transfer constant (MTC) and to evaluate the use of MRV in patients suspected of having chronic deep venous thrombosis (DVT) by comparing its accuracy with that of conventional venography (CV).


MRV was performed in 10 normal subjects to determine the optimum imaging parameters. Systematically varied scan parameters included flip angles ranging from 30 to 120 degrees by 10 degrees increments. Best TR was calculated by using the theoretical relation between the optimal TR and flow velocity. We then evaluated the use of MRV in 26 patients (total 52 deep venous systems) suspected of having chronic DVT by comparing its accuracy in evaluating the intrapelvic and suprapopliteal deep venous system with that of CV.


The optimal imaging parameters for intrapelvic and suprapopliteal venous system MRV were found to be a flip angle of 60 degrees and a pulse sequence of 35/6.9 (TR ms/TE ms) combined with an off-resonance MTC technique. All the main veins of the intrapelvic and suprapopliteal venous systems were clearly demonstrated in each subject. The sensitivity of MRV was 100% and its specificity was 100% for diagnosis of pelvic venous stenosis. The collateral vessels were demonstrated with MRV in all patients.


2D-TOF off-resonance MTC MRV of the pelvis and the suprapopliteal lower extremities is suitable for evaluation of intrapelvic branches and suprapopliteal deep venous system and chronic DVT.

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