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J Soc Pediatr Nurs. 1996 Jul-Sep;1(2):75-82.

Relationships among prenatal maternal attachment, presence of postnatal depressive symptoms, and maternal role attainment.

Author information

1
Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, USA. erfowles@titan.iwu.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To examine the relationships among a woman's attachment to her fetus, the presence of postpartum depressive symptoms, and subsequent perceptions of maternal role attainment three months after birth

DESIGN:

A longitudinal, panel design

SETTING:

Hospital-sponsored childbirth education classes

PARTICIPANTS:

Primiparous women (N = 136) at 24-40 weeks of pregnancy and 9-14 weeks after the birth

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Perceived Competence Scale, Myself as Mother Scale, and My Baby Scale

RESULTS:

Prenatal maternal attachments was positively related to maternal role attainment to maternal role attainment.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings enhance maternal identity theory and provide a means to evaluate the transition to motherhood.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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