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Jpn Circ J. 1996 Oct;60(10):731-41.

Clinical features of prognosis of Japanese patients with anomalous origin of the coronary artery.

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1
Second Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kanazawa University, Japan.

Abstract

Anomalous origin of the coronary artery can lead to angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction or even sudden death in the absence of atherosclerosis. However, in Japan, this anomaly is usually treated medically rather than surgically. To clarify the clinical features of anomalous origin of the coronary artery in Japanese and the prognosis of such patients who are treated medically, we reviewed 56 patients with anomalous origin of the coronary arteries. The mean age of these patients was 55.9 +/- 11.5 years. Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the left sinus of Valsalva was seen most frequently (78.6%). In contrast, we found no cases of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the right sinus of Valsalva traversing between the aorta and the pulmonary trunk. A history of syncope (14.3%) and aorta regurgitation (21.4%) was frequent and serious complications during exercise stress testing occurred in 5 patients. These patients were treated medically, such as by limiting exercise or by the oral administration of medicine. During the follow up period (mean 5.6 +/- 4.2 years), death directly related to anomalous origin of the coronary artery was not found despite the lack of surgical treatment. Our results suggest that the prognosis of these middle-aged-to-elderly patients without atherosclerosis is relatively good, despite the lack of surgical treatment.

PMID:
8933235
DOI:
10.1253/jcj.60.731
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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