Send to

Choose Destination
Cytokine. 1996 Sep;8(9):739-44.

A semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction method for measurement of MRNA for TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta in whole blood cultures: its application in typhoid fever and exentric exercise.

Author information

Department of Medicine, University Hospital St. Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


Whole blood cultures are used to study cytokine stimulation and release ex vivo. In the present study this method was compared with a more direct approach and a quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to assess mRNA expression for IL-1 beta and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and mRNA in whole blood. Stimulation of whole blood from normal donors with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at various time intervals showed a parallel rise of immunogenic IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha as well as a rise of mRNA expression for IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha with peak levels for IL-1 beta after 4-6 h stimulation and for mRNA TNF-alpha expression after 2 h stimulation. These methods were used to explore cytokine production during the course of typhoid fever and after a 5 km run. In both conditions circulating cytokine concentrations were not influenced, but the TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta mRNA gene expression in circulating whole blood cells was increased in patients with typhoid fever. The LPS-stimulated production of TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta was decreased in both but there was no change for the mRNA content in whole blood for these cytokines. These findings demonstrate that RT-PCR is an attractive method to study the gene expression of cytokines in whole blood, an increased TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta gene expression is present in typhoid fever, and that the LPS stimulated downregulation of cytokines in exercise and typhoid fever may be mediated by post-transcriptional processes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center