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Blood Cells Mol Dis. 1996;22(2):115-25.

The 1591C mutation in triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) deficiency. Tightly linked polymorphisms and a common haplotype in all known families.

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Finch University of Health Sciences, Chicago Medical School, North Chicago IL 60064, USA.


In order to investigate the basis of the repeated occurrence of the 1591C mutation (TPI 1591C, 105 Glu-Asp) in multiple unrelated families throughout the world, we studied five microsatellite and short tandem repeat markers that lie within a 1.77 megabase region which includes the TPI gene. We also studied an intragenic polymorphic marker that lies within intron 5 of the TPI gene. This polymorphism, recently described by others, is characterized by either an A or a G at position 2262 (the A in the initiation ATG is designated as +1 for both genomic and cDNA nucleotides). With very minor exceptions, all of the known families in the world with the 1591C mutation were available for study. These included five families from the U.S., three from France, one from Greece, one (of Turkish origin) from Germany, and two from Australia. Although we did not have the opportunity to directly study five families from the U.K., key data concerning the 2262 intragenic polymorphism in these subjects were made available to us. Four of the microsatellite and short tandem repeat markers were linked, but in apparent equilibrium. In contrast, a polymorphic repeat pentamer in the CD4 gene, thought to lie telomeric to TPI, was in apparent complete linkage disequilibrium with the TPI 1591C mutation. The intragenic polymorphism was also in apparent complete linkage disequilibrium with the mutation. In unrelated persons of known phase (1591C homozygotes or normal controls), the comparative allele frequencies for the CD4 pentameric repeat were 1.0 (14/14 alleles) in homozygous TPI 1591C subjects and 0.412 (28/68 alleles) in normal subjects (p < 0.0001). Again, in persons of known phase, the comparative allele frequencies for the A form of the intragenic 2262 A or G polymorphism were 1.0 (14/14 alleles) in 1591C homozygotes and 0.130 (7/54 alleles) in normals (p < 0.0001). Haplotypes were discernible in all of the 1591C homozygotes and in several of the heterozygotes and normals. The CD4 162, TPI 2262A haplotype was found on only two of thirty-eight normal chromosomes, but was universally associated with 1591C. The data indicate that all TPI 1591C subjects are descendants of a common ancestor who probably lived in what is now England or France. The original mutation probably occurred well in excess of 1000 years ago.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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