Format

Send to

Choose Destination
AIDS. 1996 Nov;10(13):1579-84.

Distribution of HIV-1 subtypes seen in an AIDS clinic in Sao Paulo City, Brazil.

Author information

1
Instituto Adolfo Lutz, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the distribution of HIV-1 subtypes in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

METHODS:

Samples were obtained from 80 consecutive HIV-1-infected individuals attending the Immunodeficiency Clinic at the University of Sao Paulo in 1993. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were separated by Ficoll-Hypaque gradient and a portion was used for routine CD4 counts; the remainder were frozen. PBMC were proteinase-K-digested and DNA-purified by organic extraction. Samples were amplified for the env region of HIV, and envelope sequence subtypes determined by heteroduplex mobility analysis using prototypic subtypes as references. A subset of these were also sequenced through the C2-V3 region of env.

RESULTS:

A total 69 of 80 samples yielded env polymerase chain reaction product enabling subtype determination; samples that did not amplify were those with low DNA yields. Among 12 injecting drug users (IDU) or sexual partners of IDU, four were typed as clade F and eight as clade B. Forty-three homosexual men or female sexual partners of bisexual men were typed as clade B. The 14 additional cases without known risk factors were typed as clade B.

CONCLUSION:

These data suggest that subtype F is related to injecting drug use in Brazil.

PIP:

Serum samples from 80 consecutive HIV-1-infected individuals presenting to the Immunodeficiency Clinic at the University of Sao Paulo in 1993 were analyzed to determine the distribution of HIV-1 subtypes in the city. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were separated using Ficoll-Hypaque gradient, a portion was used for routine CD4 counts, and the rest were frozen. PBMC were proteinase-K-digested and DNA-purified by organic extraction. The samples were amplified for the env region of HIV, and envelope sequence subtypes determined by heteroduplex mobility analysis using prototypic subtypes as references. A subset was also sequenced through the C2-V3 region of env. 69 samples yielded env polymerase chain reaction product enabling subtype determination. The samples which did not amplify had low DNA yields. Among 12 IV-drug users or their sex partners, four were typed as clade F and eight as clade B. 43 homosexual men or female sex partners of bisexual men were typed as clade B. The 14 additional cases with no known risk factor were typed as clade B.

PMID:
8931795
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center