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Evidences for involvement of cyclooxygenase-2 in proliferation of two gastrointestinal cancer cell lines.

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First Department of Medicine, Osaka University School of Medicine, Suita, Japan.


Cyclooxygenase (COX) consists of two isozymes, COX-1 and COX-2. The roles of these isozymes in the gastrointestinal tract are unknown. We investigated messenger RNA expression of the COX-1 and COX-2 genes in the gastrointestinal cancer cell lines MKN28, MKN45, KATO III CACO-2, DLD-1 and LoVo. These cell lines expressed comparable levels of COX-1 mRNA, although their expression of COX-2 varied. Therefore, we studied the effects of NS-398 and indomethacin, specific and non-specific inhibitors for COX-2, on proliferation of the cell lines. Both of the inhibitors suppressed proliferation of the two cell lines that highly expressed COX-2 (MKN45 and CACO-2). However, these inhibitors exerted minimal effects on proliferation of the other cell lines, which expressed significantly lower levels of COX-2. Therefore, it was proposed that COX-2 participates in proliferation of cancer cells because of over expression of the COX-2 gene.

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