Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol. 1996 Apr;270(4 Pt 1):G660-6.

Endotoxin stimulates gene expression of ROS-eliminating pathways in rat hepatic endothelial and Kupffer cells.

Author information

Department of Anatomy, Cell Biology, and Injury Sciences, New Jersey Medical School, Newark 07103, USA.


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are mediators of cellular injury and play a putative role in the onset of hepatic damage during endotoxemia or sepsis. It has been suggested that induction of glucose-6-phosphate (G-6-P) dehydrogenase, the key enzyme of the hexose monophosphate shunt (HMS), may support ROS-producing or ROS-eliminating pathways in hepatic endothelial and Kupffer cells during endotoxemia. The aim of the study was to assess in vivo lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced alterations in rat gene expression of selected enzymes that are in functional relationship with the HMS. mRNA levels and activities of glucose transporter GLUT-1, Mn- and CuZn-dependent superoxide dismutases (Mn-SOD and CuZn-SOD), and Se-dependent glutathione peroxidase (Se-GPX) were determined. Cellular extracts were analyzed 7 or 22 h after injection of LPS (Escherichia coli, 2 mg/kg ip) or injection of saline. Exposure to LPS for 7 or 22 h caused a 10- to 25-fold increase in GLUT-1 mRNA levels in endothelial and Kupffer cells. In parenchymal cells, GLUT-1 mRNA expression was low, and LPS caused no marked changes. Cellular levels of Mn-SOD mRNA were 20-40 times greater in all hepatic cells from LPS-treated animals than in cells from control rats. LPS at 22 h increased Mn-SOD activity by 45% in endothelial cells but caused no significant changes in Kupffer or parenchymal cells. Message levels and enzyme activities of CuZn-SOD and Se-GPX were significantly elevated 22 h after LPS injection in endothelial cells only. Thus LPS results in marked upregulation of functionally related genes in hepatic cells. In endothelial cells, the simultaneous upregulation of GLUT-1, G-6-P dehydrogenase, Mn-SOD, CuZn-SOD, and Se-GPX may represent an important mechanism for accelerated elimination of ROS released from activated sinusoidal phagocytes. In Kupffer cells, upregulated GLUT-1 and G-6-P dehydrogenase, together with constitutively present SOD and lack of upregulated Se-GPX, suggest an elevated capacity to produce O2- and H2O2 that is consistent with primed bacterial killing.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center