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Minerva Pediatr. 1996 Jun;48(6):245-50.

[Bell's palsy: diagnostic and therapeutical trial in childhood].

[Article in Italian]

Author information

1
Divisione di Neuropsichiatria Infantile, Azienda USSL 18, Spedali Civili, Brescia.

Abstract

Bell's palsy is caused by a nuclear and/or infranuclear lesion of the facial nerve, producing an ipsilateral deficit of the facial muscles. The etiology is unknown. Bell's palsy has a frequency of 20:100000 individuals/year, a familiarity of 1-2% of cases, and a recurrence rate of 9% of cases. We studied 33 children (mean age 9.1 years) admitted to our Division during the period 1991-1994 because of Bell's palsy. We propose our personal diagnostic and therapeutical trial: in every patient a full neurological and otoscopic examination, and an audioimpedenzometric test. Treatment is then commenced with prednisone (1 mg/kg/day p.o. for 5-10 days and gradual reduction in 5 days), vitamins B1, B6 and B12 p.o. for 30 days, and local treatment with artificial tears, and occlusive bandage at nighttime until the lagophthalmus is resolved. Electromyography-electroneurography, and brain CT-scan are carried out after 15 days and 21 days respectively of treatment, if neurological deficit is unchanged. 80 to 90% of patients are reported to recover spontaneously from Bell's palsy. With our approach we achieved a 100% recovery rate within an average of 3 weeks (range: 1 week to 5 months).

PMID:
8926963
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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