Send to

Choose Destination
Brain Res Bull. 1996;41(4):249-55.

Effects of IL-1 beta on neuronal activities in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus in rat brain slices.

Author information

Department of Physiology, Kyushu University Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan.


Effects of recombinant human interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) on the neuronal activities in the rat dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) were investigated by extra- and intracellular recordings in slice preparations. Twelve (52%) of 23 spontaneously firing neurons recorded extracellularly, 7 of which were electrophysiologically identified as vagal motoneurons, were inhibited by a bath application of IL-1 beta at a dose of either 5.8 x 10(-8) or 5.8 x 10(-8) M. The duration of the responses ranged widely from about 10 min to more than 2 h. Two (9%) of the 23 neurons were excited, whereas the remaining 9 (39%) were not affected by IL-1 beta. Of 42 DMV neurons recorded intracellularly, 19 (45%) showed a hyperpolarization following an application of 5.8 x 10(-8) M IL-1 beta, which still persisted in a TTX-containing solution. Two (5%) displayed depolarization and 21 (50%) were unaffected. The hyperpolarization in 16 of the 19 neurons (84%) ranged from -5 to -10 mV and lasted for more than 30 min without changing the input resistance. The IL-1 beta-induced hyperpolarization was completely blocked by concurrent perfusion with sodium salicylate. The remaining three neurons showed a short-lasting (5-14 min) hyperpolarization (ranging from -6 to -15 mV) with a decrease in the input resistance. These findings indicate that IL-1 beta mainly inhibits the vagal motoneurons in the DMV, at least partly through prostaglandin synthesis. This provides a mechanism that could account for the central action of IL-1 beta on visceral processes such as the inhibition of gastric acid secretion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center