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Acta Odontol Scand. 1996 Oct;54(5):295-302.

The expression of types X and VI collagen and fibrillin in rat mandibular condylar cartilage. Response to mastication forces.

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Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Finland.


Types X and VI collagen and fibrillin were localized by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical methods in the mandibular condyles of rats, and the response of these molecules to post-weaning diets of soft food, ordinary pellets, or hardened pellets was studied. Type X collagen was synthesized, particularly in conditions of soft food consistency, by cells in the perichondrium-periosteum and in the bone and by cells at the erosion front between cartilage and bone. Type X collagen synthesis diminished under higher compression forces due to mastication and with increasing age. Type VI collagen and fibrillin were synthesized by cells in the perichondrium-periosteum and by chondrocytes and by stromal osteoblasts and were not modified by higher mechanical forces. In contrast to previous findings in the growth plate of long bones, type X collagen in the mandibular condyle was not synthesized by hypertrophic chondrocytes but was associated with cells of the osteoblastic rather than the chondroblastic phenotype.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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