Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neuroscience. 1996 Nov;75(1):43-56.

Muscarinic receptors regulate striatal neuropeptide gene expression in normal and amphetamine-treated rats.

Author information

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, NC 27858-4354, USA.


This study investigated the effects of pharmacological blockade or stimulation of muscarinic receptors on constitutive and amphetamine-stimulated preprodynorphin, substance P and pre-proenkephalin gene expression in rat striatum. Acute administration of the non-selective muscarinic antagonist, scopolamine (2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg, s.c.), caused a dose-dependent increase in preprodynorphin and substance P, but not preproenkephalin, messenger RNA expression in the dorsal and ventral striatum as revealed by quantitative in situ hybridization. In contrast, acute injection of the non-selective muscarinic receptor agonist, oxotremorine (0.125, 0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg, s.c.), caused a dose-dependent increase in basal levels of preproenkephalin messenger RNA in the dorsal striatum, without causing a significant effect on constitutive striatal preprodynorphin and substance P expression. Pretreatment with scopolamine (2.5 mg/kg, s.c.) significantly augmented striatal induction of preprodynorphin and substance P messenger RNA induced by acute injection of amphetamine (1.25 and 2.5 mg/kg, i.p.), whereas scopolamine blocked amphetamine-stimulated striatal preproenkephalin expression. Pretreatment with oxotremorine (0.25 mg/kg, s.c.) significantly attenuated amphetamine (1.25 and 2.5 mg/kg, i.p.)-stimulated striatal preprodynorphin and, to a lesser degree, substance P messenger RNA expression. Oxotremorine tended to increase amphetamine-stimulated preproenkephalin messenger RNA expression, but the effect did not reach statistical significance. In addition, scopolamine increased spontaneous, and enhanced amphetamine-stimulated, behavioral activity, whereas oxotremorine attenuated amphetamine-stimulated behaviors. These data support the concept that cholinergic transmission, via interaction with muscarinic receptors, inhibits basal and D1 receptor-stimulated striatonigral dynorphin/substance P gene expression and facilitates striatopallidal enkephalin gene expression.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center