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Neurol Clin. 1996 Nov;14(4):827-40.

Effects of drugs on sleep.

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Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.


Many commonly prescribed medications and substances of abuse can have significant effects on sleep and wakefulness. Chronic use or abuse of certain drugs may lead to the development of substance-related sleep disorders. Primary sleep disorders, such as apnea, periodic movement disorders, and parasomnias, may be exacerbated by various drugs. This article summarizes the effects of widely used medications and recreational drugs on sleep.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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