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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1996 Nov;20(11):1014-21.

DEXA supports the use of BMI as a measure of fatness in young girls.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the relationship of body fat mass measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) to BMI in young girls, according to age and normative BMI percentile groupings.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional observation study.

SETTING:

Dunedin, an urban town in the South Island of New Zealand.

SUBJECTS:

196 healthy Caucasian girls aged 4-16 y.

MEASUREMENTS:

Body weight, height and BMI, total fat mass and % body fat (by DEXA).

RESULTS:

Our BMI percentile standard groupings were < 5 centile (n = 7); 5-50 centile (n = 71); 51-75 centile (n = 50); 76-90 centile (n = 42); 91-95 centile (n = 12); > 95 centile (n = 14). In this whole population sample DEXA-derived fat mass correlates well with BMI (n = 0.934) indicating that BMI accounts for 87.2% of the variance in body fat mass. However, at the extremes of BMI the association is weaker. A nomogram for predicting DEXA fat mass from BMI in girls is presented.

CONCLUSION:

Because DEXA-derived fat mass correlates well with BMI throughout the 'normal' range of BMI (5-95th centiles) our study supports the usefulness of BMI as a simple measure of fatness in girls. Children with BMI values outside the normal BMI range may benefit from more exact body composition assessment using DEXA.

PMID:
8923158
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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