Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Intensive Care Med. 1996 Oct;22(10):1066-9.

Retention of the antibiotic teicoplanin on a hydromer-coated central venous catheter to prevent bacterial colonization in postoperative surgical patients.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Antibiotic-coated intravascular catheters may be an effective means of decreasing bacterial colonization and subsequent catheter-related infection. The present study was designed to investigate the retention of the antibiotic teicoplanin on a hydromer-coated intravenous catheter and the effect of this antibiotic coating on catheter bacterial colonization.

DESIGN:

A prospective, randomized pilot study.

SETTING:

Operating rooms (ORs) and an intensive care unit (ICU) at a university hospital.

PATIENTS:

A consecutive group of 20 male patients undergoing major abdominal surgery.

INTERVENTIONS:

Control (C; n = 10) or teicoplanin-coated (T; n = 10) single-lumen central venous catheters were inserted before surgery in the OR. Catheters were withdrawn at the discretion of the physicians in the ICU after various periods.

MEASUREMENTS:

The teicoplanin content of the catheter material was assessed using a bioassay with Bacillus subtilis after complete elution of the antibiotic from the catheter. Bacterial colonization was measured using a quantitative culture technique after the catheter lumen had been flushed and the catheter segments sonicated.

MAIN RESULTS:

Nearly three-quarters of the initial teicoplanin coating (374 +/- 103 micrograms; mean +/- SD) were released during the first day of catheterization, and after 36 h of intravenous catheterization, no antibiotic was retained on the catheter. No significant difference could be found either in the incidence of bacterial colonization between test (n = 3) and control (n = 4) catheters or in the number of colony-forming units (CFU) on the catheter segments (T, 263 +/- 104 CFU/cm; C, 372 +/- 294 CFU/cm; mean +/- SEM).

CONCLUSION:

The retention of teicoplanin antibiotic coating on hydromer catheters is only short term if catheters are inserted intravenously. This may limit clinical antibacterial efficacy.

PMID:
8923071
DOI:
10.1007/bf01699229
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center