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Hear Res. 1996 Oct;100(1-2):143-9.

Na,K-ATPase alpha- and beta-isoforms in the developing cochlea of the mouse.

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Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


Immunohistochemistry was used to investigate the presence of Na,K-ATPase alpha- and beta-subunits isoforms (alpha 1, alpha 2, alpha 3, beta 1 and beta 2) in the cochlea of the mouse at different ages between embryological day (E) 19 and postnatal day (P) + 30. alpha 1 was mainly found in the stria vascularis and in the spiral ligament; it increased steadily from p+4. These data correlates well with the morphological and electrophysiological maturation of the cochlea. alpha 3 predominated in the spiral ganglia and the cochlear nerve. This finding is well in accordance with reports that alpha 3 seems to be associated with the nervous system. The beta-subunit was found mainly in those tissues where staining of the alpha-subunit also was seen. Both subunits were localized in tissue regions where fluid regulation is expected to play an important role. For some isoforms, the expression pattern of Na,K-ATPase during development in the mouse is different from that in the rat. The expression of Na,K-ATPase and that of glucocorticoid receptors during development in the inner ear of the mouse show a similar pattern, which may indicate that glucocorticoid receptors could be involved in regulating the expression of Na,K-ATPase.

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