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Clin Infect Dis. 1996 Nov;23(5):1099-106; discussion 1107-8.

Comparison of the amplified Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) direct test, Amplicor MTB PCR, and IS6110-PCR for detection of MTB in respiratory specimens.

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1
Ochsner Clinic, New Orleans.

Abstract

Several nucleic acid amplification techniques (NAAT) have been developed for rapid and direct detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) from clinical specimens. This study compared the performances of the Gen-Probe Amplified MTB Direct Test (AMDT), Roche Amplicor MTB PCR test, and an IS6110-PCR assay with acid-fast smear and culture in the detection of MTB from 428 respiratory specimens from 259 patients. Patients' charts were reviewed for clinical correlation. Of 98 specimens that were clinically positive for MTB, acid-fast smear was positive in 50% of cases, culture in 93%, IS6110-PCR in 83%, AMDT in 84%, and Amplicor MTB PCR in 80%. Of 337 specimens that were negative for MTB, 117 (35%) were positive for nontuberculous mycobacteria. Specificities were as follows: smear, 89%; culture, 100%; IS6110-PCR, 99%; AMDT, 98%; and Amplicor MTB PCR, 96%. The accuracies of the tests were 80%, 98%, 96%, and 92%, respectively. MTB culture-positive specimens that were smear-negative were detected by AMDT and IS6110-PCR in 77% of cases and by Amplicor MTB PCR in 70%. NAAT was less sensitive than was culture for detection of MTB, but all these techniques had acceptable accuracy and were completed within hours. NAAT may be useful for rapid screening of respiratory specimens to distinguish MTB from nontuberculous mycobacteria infection in order to isolate patients.

PMID:
8922809
DOI:
10.1093/clinids/23.5.1099
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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