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Bone. 1996 Nov;19(5):527-33.

The effect on bone mass and bone markers of different doses of ibandronate: a new bisphosphonate for prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis: a 1-year, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled dose-finding study.

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1
Center for Clinical and Basic Research, Ballerup, Denmark.

Abstract

The present article describes the results from a phase II dose finding study of the effect of ibandronate, a new, third generation bisphosphonate, in postmenopausal osteoporosis. One hundred and eighty postmenopausal, white women, at least 10 years past a natural menopause, with osteopenia defined as a bone mineral density (BMD) in the distal forearm at least 1.5 SD below the premenopausal mean, entered and 141 (78%) completed a 12 months randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. The women received 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 2.5, or 5.0 mg ibandronate daily or placebo. All women received a daily calcium supplementation of 1000 mg Ca2+. Bone mass and biochemical markers of bone turnover were measured every 3 months throughout the study period. The average changes in bone mass showed positive outcome in all regions in the groups receiving ibandronate 2.5 and 5.0 mg. The responses in the two groups were not significantly different, although there was a tendency toward a higher response in bone mass in the group receiving ibandronate 2.5 mg, where the increase in BMD was 4.6 +/- 3.1% (SD) in the spine (p < 0.001), 1.3 +/- 3.0% (SD) to 3.5 +/- 5.3% (SD) in the different regions of the proximal femur (p < 0.03 to p < 0.002), and 2.0 +/- 1.9% (SD) in total body bone mineral content (BMC) (p < 0.001). There was no significant changes in bone mass in the group receiving calcium (placebo) and ibandronate 0.25 mg. Dose-related responses were found in all biochemical markers of bone turnover. In average, serum osteocalcin decreased 13 +/- 14% (SD) (placebo) and 35 +/- 14% (SD) (5.0 mg). Urinary excretions of breakdown products of type I collagen decreased 35 +/- 21% (SD) (placebo) and 78 +/- 28% (SD) (5.0 mg), p < 0.001 in all groups. In conclusion, the results suggest that ibandronate treatment increases bone mass in all skeletal regions in a dose dependent manner with 2.5 mg being the most effective dose. Ibandronate treatment reduces bone turnover to premenopausal levels and is well tolerated.

PMID:
8922653
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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