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J Clin Oncol. 1996 Nov;14(11):2950-8.

Biweekly intensified ambulatory chronomodulated chemotherapy with oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.

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  • 1Centre de ChronothĂ©rapie, Service des Maladies Sanguines, Immunitaires et Tumorales, France.



This study sought to determine the feasibility and antitumor efficacy of an intensified three-drug chronomodulated regimen with maximum delivery at 4:00 AM for fluorouracil (5-FU)-leucovorin (folinic acid [FA]) and at 4:00 PM for oxaliplatin (I-OHP).


Fifty patients with metastatic colorectal cancer were enrolled in the trial. The first treatment course consisted of daily administration of 5-FU (700 mg/m2/d), FA (300 mg/m2/d), and L-OHP (25 mg/m2/d) for 4 days with a multichannel programmable pump. Courses were repeated every 14 days, with 5-FU escalation by 100 mg/m2/d if toxicity was less than grade 2.


World Health Organization (WHO)-modified grade 3 or 4 diarrhea (40% of patients and 7% of courses) or stomatitis (28% of patients and 4% of courses) or grade 2 cumulative peripheral sensitive neuropathy (28% of patients) were dose-limiting. Median 5-FU and L-OHP dose-intensities (DIs), were increased by 32% and 18%, respectively, as compared with our previous 5 days on-16 days off schedule. The overall objective response rate was 48% (95% confidence limits [CL], 34% to 62%), being 40% (24% to 57%) in 37 previously treated patients and 69% (48% to 90%) in 13 chemotherapy-naive patients. A 5-FU DI > 1,400 mg/m2/wk over four courses was associated with a near doubling of the response rate. Residual metastases were surgically removed in 13 patients (26%). Median progression-free survival and survival durations were 9.3 months (95% CL, 6.6 to 11.2) and 17.8 months (95% CL, 14.1 to 21.4), respectively.


This highly effective fully ambulatory outpatient regimen deserves further testing in randomized trials both in chemotherapy-naive patients and before surgery to remove metastases.

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