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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1996 Nov;15(5):680-7.

Upregulatory effects of interleukin-4 and interleukin-13 but not interleukin-10 on granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor production by human bronchial epithelial cells.

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Third Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tokushima School of Medicine, Japan.


Airway epithelial cells are known to produce a granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), which induces eosinophilic inflammation in bronchial asthma. Interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-10, and IL-13 produced by Th2 cells are involved in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma. To assess their contributions to airway inflammation, we examined their effects on GM-CSF production by bronchial epithelial cells. Human bronchial epithelial cells were obtained under bronchoscopy from 21 patients with various respiratory diseases and incubated with or without IL-4, IL-10, or IL-13. Then the GM-CSF concentrations in the cell-free supernatants were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results showed that IL-4 and IL-13 stimulated GM-CSF production by the epithelial cells dose-dependently, whereas IL-10 did not. The eosinophil survival-stimulating activity in the culture supernatants was closely correlated with GM-CSF concentration and was neutralized by anti-GM-CSF antibody. Thus, IL-4 and IL-13 may contribute to airway inflammation by upregulating GM-CSF production by bronchial epithelial cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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