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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Nov 12;93(23):12856-60.

Isolation of a brefeldin A-inhibited guanine nucleotide-exchange protein for ADP ribosylation factor (ARF) 1 and ARF3 that contains a Sec7-like domain.

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Pulmonary Critical Care Medicine Branch, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


Brefeldin A (BFA) inhibited the exchange of ADP ribosylation factor (ARF)-bound GDP for GTP by a Golgi-associated guanine nucleotide-exchange protein (GEP) [Helms, J.B. & Rothman, J.E. (1992) Nature (London) 360, 352-354; Donaldson, J.G., Finazzi, D. & Klausner, R.D. (1992) Nature (London) 360, 350-352]. Cytosolic ARF GEP was also inhibited by BFA, but after purification from bovine brain and rat spleen, it was no longer BFA-sensitive [Tsai, S.-C., Adamik, R., Moss, J. & Vaughan, M. (1996) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 305-309]. We describe here purification from bovine brain cytosol of a BFA-inhibited GEP. After chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel, hydroxylapatite, and Mono Q and precipitation at pH 5.8, GEP was eluted from Superose 6 as a large molecular weight complex at the position of thyroglobulin (approximately 670 kDa). After SDS/PAGE of samples from column fractions, silver-stained protein bands of approximately 190 and 200 kDa correlated with activity. BFA-inhibited GEP activity of the 200-kDa protein was demonstrated following electroelution from the gel and renaturation by dialysis. Four tryptic peptides from the 200-kDa protein had amino acid sequences that were 47% identical to sequences in Sec7 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (total of 51 amino acids), consistent with the view that the BFA-sensitive 200-kDa protein may be a mammalian counterpart of Sec7 that plays a similar role in cellular vesicular transport and Sec7 may be a GEP for one or more yeast ARFs.

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