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J Nucl Med. 1996 Nov;37(11):1865-71.

Structure distribution relationship of iodine-123-iodobenzamides as tracers for the detection of melanotic melanoma.

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  • 1Clinic for Nuclear Medicine, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Germany.


The influence of systematic structure variations on the biodistribution of positional isomers of N-(N'-dialkylaminoethylene)-[123I]iodobenzamide (ABA) derivatives in melanoma-bearing animals was investigated.


Radioiodination of six bromo benzamide precursors was achieved by Cu(1)-assisted nonisotopic halogen exchange. Organ distribution, scintigraphic and metabolic studies were performed in nude mice bearing a human melanotic MM (SK-MEL 25). A patient suffering from melanotic melanoma underwent scintigraphy with a [123I]iodobenzamide.


High radiochemical yields of 80%-95% and specific activities of > 5 TBq/ mumole were obtained. Animal studies revealed specific tumor uptake of all compounds with longest retention of the most lipophilic derivative p-[123I]ABA 2-2. At shorter times, however, o-[123I]ABA 2-2 exhibited the highest tumor uptake (8.9% ID/g, 1 hr p.i., 10.9% ID/g, 4 hr p.i.). Metabolization of o-[123I]ABA 2-2, mainly to o-[123I]iodohippuric acid (OIH), followed by fast renal excretion of the metabolites lead to tumor/nontumor ratios (T/NT) of > 400 for tumor/blood, and > 70 for tumor/liver at 48 h p.i. Unknown metastases could be localized in a patient using o-[123I]ABA 2-2.


The effects of the structure variation of iodobenzamides on their lipophilicity, metabolism and thus pharmacokinetics lead to the suggestion of o-[123I]ABA 2-2 as a favorable melanoma imaging agent.

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