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Am J Public Health. 1996 Nov;86(11):1539-44.

Socioeconomic factors in Helicobacter pylori infection among Danish adults.

Author information

1
Glostrup Population Studies, Department of Internal Medicine, Glostrup Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study examined the relationship between housing conditions, educational level, occupational factors, and serologically diagnosed acute and chronic Helicobacter pylori infection.

METHODS:

Immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin M serum antibodies against H. pylori were measured in 3589 Danish adults who participated in a population study.

RESULTS:

Low socioeconomic status (odds ratio [OR] = 2.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.7, 3.0), short duration of schooling (OR = 2.0, 95% CI = 1.3, 2.5), lack of training/education (OR = 1.4, 95% CI = 1.2, 1.7]), unskilled work (OR = 1.7, 95% CI = 1.2, 2.5), and high work-related energy expenditure (OR = 1.4, 95% CI = 1.1, 1.9) increased the likelihood of chronic H. pylori infection. Infection was frequent in people who had lived abroad. Increased levels solely of immunoglobulin M antibodies were found more often in people who were divorced (OR = 2.3, 95% CI = 1.2, 4.4) or unmarried (OR = 2.0, 95% CI = 1.1, 3.8) or who worked long hours (OR = 2.0, 95% CI = 1.1, 4.0).

CONCLUSIONS:

Educational and occupational factors relate to the likelihood of chronic H. pylori infection in adults. The rate of acute infection is high in single individuals.

PMID:
8916517
PMCID:
PMC1380686
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.86.11.1539
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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