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No Shinkei Geka. 1996 Oct;24(10):897-903.

[Hemodynamic simulation study of cerebral arteriovenous malformations: changes of wall stress and early detection of NPPB].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Japan.

Abstract

Obliteration procedures for large high-flow arteriovenous malformations (AVM) were simulated using a compartmental flow model to investigate the role of altered autoregulatory conditions in the development of hyperperfusion and normal perfusion pressure breakthrough (NPPB). Since the arterioles are primarily responsible for autoregulatory function, the role of these structural changes on the development of hyperperfusion was also studied by evaluating the wall thickness (T), internal radius (Ri) and tangential wall stress (sigma). As the AVM flow was decreased during the obliteration procedures, the perfusion pressure (delta P) of the brain tissue surrounding the AVM increased. When the autoregulatory condition was impaired [AR (-)] and the lower limit of the autoregulatory pressure range (LAR) was shifted from 60 mmHg (LAR60) to 40 mm Hg (LAR40), the flow volume in the surrounding brain (Fb) increased markedly, from 67 ml/100g/min to 92 ml/100g/min, with the progress of the obliteration procedures. In these conditions, T/Ri was supposed to be constant and sigma value increased uniformly. In the presence of the autoregulatory mechanism [AR (+)], T/Ri increased against increasing delta P, which resulted in smaller sigma value than that under AR (-) conditions. When the contracted vascular wall yielded on the process of increasing wall stress, delta P and feeder pressure (Pf) decreased to some degree. Concomitantly increase of the sigma value and marked hyperperfusion developed in the brain. The yield of the contracted vascular wall would result in the decrease of a pressure gradient across the arteriole and the reciprocal increase of pressure load on the walls of the capillary and venula, which might lead to NPPB. Since the decrease of delta P or Pf during the progress of the obliterating procedures is considered specific to the appearance of hyperperfusion or NPPB, monitoring these parameters would be useful for its early detection. If the upper limit of the autoregulatory pressure range was assumed to decrease and become the yield point in the brain surrounding high flow AVMs, hyperfusion or NPPB could be considered to develop in the conditions with the autoregulatory pressure range being narrowed and/or shifted to the lower pressure level. Induced systemic hypotension was found to be effective in reducing the magnitude of Fb, delta P, and Pf when induction was appropriately performed in stepwise fashion. T/Ri and sigma were kept in narrow ranges compared to those before induction of hypotension.

PMID:
8914148
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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