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J Stud Alcohol. 1996 Nov;57(6):585-90.

Validation of the Addiction Severity Index in French-speaking alcoholic patients.

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Unité Multidisciplinaire d'Alcoologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland.



Evaluation of a French translation of the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) in 100 (78 male) alcoholic patients.


Validity of the instrument was assessed by measuring test-retest and interrater reliability, internal consistency and convergence and discrimination between items and scales. Concurrent validity was assessed by comparing the scores from the ASI with those obtained from three other clinimetric instruments.


Test-retest reliability of ASI scores (after a 10-day interval) was good (r = 0.63 to r = 0.95). Interrater reliability was evaluated using six video recordings of patient interviews. Severity ratings assigned by six rates were significantly different (p < .05), but 72% of the ratings assigned by those who viewed the videos were within two points of the interviewer's severity ratings. Cronbach alpha coefficient of internal consistency varied from 0.58 to 0.81 across scales. The average item-to-scale convergent validity (r value) was 0.49 (range 0.0 to 0.84) for composite scores and 0.35 (range 0.00 to 0.68) for severity ratings, whereas discriminant validity was 0.11 on average (range-0.19 to 0.46) for composite scores and 0.12 (range-0.20 to 0.52) for severity ratings. Finally, concurrent validity with the following instruments was assessed: Severity of Alcoholism Dependence Questionnaire (40% shared variance with ASI alcohol scale), Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (2% shared variance with ASI alcohol scale) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (31% shared variance with ASI psychiatric scale).


The Addiction Severity Index covers a large scope of problems encountered among alcoholics and quantifies need for treatment. This French version presents acceptable criteria of reliability and validity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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