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Ann Pharmacother. 1996 Nov;30(11):1235-7.

Anesthetic efficacy of eutectic prilocaine-lidocaine cream in pediatric oncology patients undergoing lumbar puncture.

Author information

1
Servicio de Farmacia, Hospital Universitari Materno-Infantil Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the efficacy of eutectic mixture of local anesthetics 5% (Emla) in reducing pain associated with lumbar punctures in children.

DESIGN:

Prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

SETTING:

University pediatric hospital.

PATIENTS:

Eleven pediatric oncology patients (mean age 6.6 y, range 4-16) who underwent 31 lumbar punctures.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The analgesic effect was measured by using two methods. The first was a 10-point visual analog scale reported by the patient and the second was an 8-point behavioral pain scale assessed by the nurse who applied the cream.

RESULTS:

Emla cream was associated with significantly lower pain scores than those with placebo as measured by the patient when the puncture was successful on the first attempt (2.0 +/- 1.6 Emla group, 3.8 +/- 1.9 placebo group; p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

The use of Emla cream may reduce pain substantially only in patients who undergo a successful lumbar puncture on the first attempt.

PMID:
8913402
DOI:
10.1177/106002809603001104
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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