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J Biol Chem. 1996 Nov 15;271(46):29342-6.

Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-independent signal transduction pathway for platelet-derived growth factor-induced chemotaxis.

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National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute, 5-7-1 Fujishirodai, Suita, Osaka 565, Japan.


Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB is a potent chemoattractant for mesenchymal cells. Intracellular signal transduction for PDGF-induced chemotactic response has been reported to be dependent on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activation. Here, we report a PI3K-independent pathway operating for PDGF-induced chemotaxis in vascular smooth muscle cells and other cell types. Two different PI3K inhibitors, wortmannin (WT, 1 nM-1 microM) and LY294002 (100 nM-10 microM), did not inhibit PDGF-induced chemotaxis in smooth muscle cells and Swiss 3T3 cells, whereas WT inhibited activity of PI3K that were immunopurified from PDGF-stimulated cells as well as PI3K purified from cells that were stimulated with PDGF in the presence of the same concentrations of WT. Similarly, WT (100 nM) abolished the increase in intracellular phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate after PDGF stimulation. Furthermore, Chinese hamster ovary/Deltap85 cells overexpressing a dominant negative p85 subunit of PI3K showed a chemotactic response comparable to that of parental cells while showing a remarkable decrease in PI3K activity. Rapamycin, a specific inhibitor of pp70 S6 kinase, which is one of the well characterized downstreams of PI3K, did not inhibit PDGF-induced chemotaxis. Both WT and LY294002 inhibited PDGF-induced amino acid uptake and actin-stress fiber reorganization and partly inhibited PDGF-induced glucose incorporation in Swiss 3T3 cells. Our findings indicate that, in vascular smooth muscle cells and other cell types, the signal transduction for PDGF-induced chemotaxis is independent of PI3K activity while the signal transduction for PDGF-induced amino acid uptake, glucose incorporation, and cytoskeletal reorganization is dependent on PI3K.

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