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J Biol Chem. 1996 Nov 1;271(44):27723-9.

p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylates cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) in thrombin-stimulated platelets. Evidence that proline-directed phosphorylation is not required for mobilization of arachidonic acid by cPLA2.

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1
Lilly Research Laboratories, Indianapolis, Indiana 46285, USA. KRAMER_RUTH_M@Lilly.Com

Abstract

The Ca2+-sensitive 85-kDa cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) is responsible for thrombin-stimulated mobilization of arachidonic acid for the synthesis of thromboxane A2 in human platelets. We have previously shown that thrombin activates p38 kinase, a recently discovered new member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family (Kramer, R. M., Roberts, E. F., Strifler, B. A., and Johnstone, E. M. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 27395-27398) and also induces phosphorylation of cPLA2, thereby increasing its intrinsic catalytic activity. In the present study we have examined the role of p38 kinase in the phosphorylation and activation of cPLA2 in stimulated platelets. We have observed that activation of p38 kinase accompanies receptor-mediated events in platelets and coincides with cPLA2 phosphorylation. Furthermore, in the presence of inhibitors of p38 kinase, the proline-directed phosphorylation of cPLA2 was completely blocked in platelets stimulated with the thrombin receptor agonist peptide SFLLRN and was suppressed during the early (up to 2 min) phase of platelet stimulation caused by thrombin. Unexpectedly, we found that prevention of proline-directed phosphorylation of cPLA2 in stimulated platelets did not attenuate its ability to release arachidonic acid from platelet phospholipids. We conclude that: 1) cPLA2 is a physiological target of p38 kinase; 2) p38 kinase is involved in the early phosphorylation of cPLA2 in stimulated platelets; and 3) proline-directed phosphorylation of cPLA2 is not required for its receptor-mediated activation.

PMID:
8910365
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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