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J Biol Chem. 1996 Nov 1;271(44):27229-32.

Active transport of acetylcholine by the human vesicular acetylcholine transporter.

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1
Section on Molecular Neuroscience, Laboratory of Cell Biology, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA. disbrow@codon.nih.gov

Abstract

The characteristics of ATP-dependent transport of acetylcholine (ACh) in homogenates of pheochromocytoma (PC-12) cells stably transfected with the human vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT) cDNA are described. The human VAChT protein was abundantly expressed in this line and appeared as a diffuse band with a molecular mass of approximately 75 kDa on Western blots. Vesicular [3H]ACh accumulation increased approximately 20 times over levels attained by the endogenous rat VAChT, expressed at low levels in control PC-12 cells. The transport of [3H]ACh by human VAChT was dependent upon the addition of exogenous ATP at 37 degrees C. Uptake was abolished by low temperature (4 degrees C), the proton ionophore carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone (2.5 microM) and bafilomycin A1 (1 microM), a specific inhibitor of the vesicular H+-ATPase. The kinetics of [3H]ACh uptake by human VAChT were saturable, exhibiting an apparent Km of 0.97 +/- 0.1 mM and Vmax of 0.58 +/- 0.04 nmol/min/mg. Maximal steady-state levels of vesicular [3H]ACh accumulation were directly proportional to the concentration of substrate present in the medium with saturation occurring at approximately 4 mM. Uptake was stereospecifically inhibited by L-vesamicol with an IC50 of 14.7 +/- 1.5 nM. The apparent affinity (Kd) of [3H]vesamicol for human VAChT was 4.1 +/- 0.5 nM, and the Bmax was 8.9 +/- 0.6 pmol/mg. The turnover (Vmax/Bmax) of the human VAChT was approximately 65/min. This expression system should prove useful for the structure/function analysis of VAChT.

PMID:
8910293
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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