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Eur J Clin Nutr. 1996 Oct;50(10):689-93.

Does dietary supplementation of cod liver oil mitigate musculoskeletal pain?

Author information

1
Department of Community Medicine and General Practice, University of Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the relationship between dietary supplementation of cod liver oil and the intensity of pain in people with musculoskeletal pain.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study.

SETTING:

Data from the Norwegian Health Survey 1985.

SUBJECTS:

All adult respondents who had reported musculoskeletal pain (n = 4490).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Intensity of musculoskeletal pain as assessed by self reports during an interview.

RESULTS:

In logistic regression analyses (adjusting for age, gender, socioeconomic status, civil status, smoking habits, physical exercise, mental distress, and use of medicines), there was a negative association between regular intake of cod liver oil during the previous week and intense pain (OR = 0.75; 95% CI: 0.56-1.00; P = 0.048) and considerable/intense pain (OR = 0.81; 95% CI: 0.67-1.00; P = 0.045). The association was stronger in the 33% of the respondents who reported a musculoskeletal disease, as expressed by the relationship of cod liver oil to intense pain (OR = 0.64; 95% CI: 0.43-0.95; P = 0.028) and considerable/intense pain (OR = 0.74; 95% CI: 0.54-1.03; P = 0.076). The association varied between diagnostic groups, and was not seen in people who did not report a musculoskeletal disease.

CONCLUSION:

The study suggests that people with musculoskeletal pain experience less pain if they take cod liver oil.

PMID:
8909937
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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