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Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 1996 Oct 1;91(1):82-7.

Molecular demonstration of BCR/ABL fusion in two cases with chronic myeloproliferative disorder carrying variant Philadelphia t(14;22)(q32;q11).

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1
First Department of Medicine, University of Athens, Greece.

Abstract

We report two cases with chronic myeloproliferative disorder which were found to carry simple variant Philadelphia (Ph) t(14;22)(q32;q11) in unstimulated bone marrow mononuclear cells. Both cases were characterized molecularly by Southern blot, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and direct sequencing of the RT-PCR products. In the first case (female, aged 65, in blastic transformation which developed one year after the initial diagnosis of myelofibrosis), a t(14;22) (q32;q11) was found in association with several other chromosomal abnormalities [48,XX,+X,+5,del(5) (q12q32),+8,der(9)t(9;11)(q32;q11),-11]; molecular analysis demonstrated the presence of a BCR-ABL chimeric gene and mRNA transcript of the b2-a2 type. In the second case (female, aged 16, with clinical and hematologic features typical of chronic myelogenous leukemia in chronic phase), a t(14;22) (q32;q11) was identified as the sole karyotypic abnormality; again, molecular analysis demonstrated the presence of a BCR-ABL chimeric gene and mRNA transcript, this time of the b3-a2 type. Our findings further support the notion that, even when undetectable by conventional cytogenetics, band 9q34 participates in all Ph chromosomes and leads to the formation of chimeric BCR-ABL genes.

PMID:
8908174
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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