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Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 1996 Oct 1;91(1):46-52.

Epithelioid sarcoma with an 18q aberration.

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Departments of Pathology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Japan.


Epithelioid sarcoma is a peculiar soft-tissue neoplasm of uncertain origin, which is characterized by an epithelioid morphology of tumor cells coexpressing epithelial (keratin) and nonepithelial (vimentin) antigens. We herein report a new cytogenetic abnormality with der(22)t(18;22)(q11;p11.2) in a case of epithelioid sarcoma that occurred in the elbow of a 75-year-old man. Histologically, the tumor demonstrated a multinodular proliferation of epithelioid cells, with positive immunostaining for keratin, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), and vimentin. Cultured tumor cells obtained from fresh surgical materials were frozen in plastic ampules and stocked in a liquid nitrogen freezer. Six years after surgery, the cells were recovered from the freezer and utilized for both morphologic and cytogenetic analyses. These cultured cells both before and after the freezing exhibited essentially the same epithelioid morphology and immunophenotypes as those of the original tumor. A chromosome analysis, together with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), demonstrated a 61-67 modal population, and a characteristic clonal abnormality with der(22)t(18;22)(q11;p11.2). Other clonal abnormalities included numerical (-3, -4, +7, -13, -14, -16, -18, +20, -22) and structural (8p+, 9p+, 12p+, i(21q)) aberrations. Some variant clones also demonstrated i(18q). Since the breakpoint at 18q11 is similar to that reported in synovial sarcoma, this finding may support the presence of a histogenetic relationship between epithelioid sarcoma and synovial sarcoma. Our study thus indicates that the storage of frozen cells is useful for both morphologic and cytogenetic analyses of soft tissue tumors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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