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FEBS Lett. 1996 Oct 28;396(1):103-7.

Tyrosine phosphorylation is crucial for growth signaling by tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1 and TIMP-2).

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, School of Dentistry, Aichi-Gakuin University, Nagoya, Japan.


[3H]Thymidine (TdR) incorporation by human osteosarcoma cell line MG-63 was significantly stimulated at as early as 3 h after the addition of either TIMP-1 or TIMP-2 alone. Maximum stimulation was attained at a concentration of either 20 ng/ml (0.71 nM) TIMP-1 or 1.0 ng/ml (46 pM) TIMP-2. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as genistein, erbstatin, and herbimycin A almost completely inhibited the [3H]TdR incorporation stimulated by either of the TIMPs. However, essentially no effect was observed with H-89, H-7, bisindolylmaleimide and K-252a. These inhibition studies suggest a crucial role for tyrosine kinase in the signal transduction of TIMPs. Phosphotyrosine-containing proteins were significantly elevated by the treatment with both TIMPs. We also found that either TIMP stimulated an increase in mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activity, suggesting that MAP kinase plays a role in TIMP-dependent growth signaling.

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