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Gastrointest Endosc. 1996 Oct;44(4):394-7.

Push enteroscopy and heater probe therapy for small bowel bleeding.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Scotland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Blood loss from the small bowel is a significant cause of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. Small bowel angiodysplasia may be the source of bleeding in 30% to 40% of patients with this problem. In other areas of the bowel, angiodysplasia has been effectively treated by endoscopic methods.

METHODS:

We used a 1.7 meter push enteroscope and heater probe ablation to examine and treat 11 transfusion-dependent patients with significant bleeding from small bowel angiodysplasia. Patients had push enteroscopy to target all lesions identified and had follow-up hemoglobin and fecal occult blood tests for a minimum of 6 months after final enteroscopy.

RESULTS:

There were a median of 2 (range 1 to 7) small bowel lesions per patient. Patients required a median of 1 (range 1 to 5) examination to treat lesions identified at enteroscopy. Following therapy, hemoglobin levels rose significantly from a median of 8.5 (range 5.3 to 10.6) gm/dL) to a median of 13.5 (range 7.6 to 16.5) gm/dL (p < 0.01 Wilcoxon matched pair signed rank test).

CONCLUSION:

Push enteroscopy and heater probe ablation offer potential therapy for bleeding from small bowel angiodysplasia and result in reduction of blood loss and transfusion requirements along with a significant improvement in levels of hemoglobin.

PMID:
8905356
DOI:
10.1016/s0016-5107(96)70087-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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