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Eur J Cell Biol. 1996 Oct;71(2):154-64.

Nuclear phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate and protein kinase C during rat spermatogenesis.

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1
Institute of Histology and General Embryology, University of Bologna, Italy.

Abstract

Presence and intracellular distribution of phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate and protein kinase C have been investigated in rat maturing germ cells and spermatozoa. The isoforms beta 1 and gamma 1 of phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C were immunologically identified and found to be predominantly nuclear or cytoplasmic and nuclear, respectively. The two enzymes were present in the maturing cell lineage of the seminiferous tubule, except for the nucleus of late spermatids, and absent in spermatozoa, in which, however, a phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C activity persisted, due to yet uncharacterized enzyme(s). Protein kinase C paralleled these developmental changes, and was completely down-regulated in both total cell homogenates and isolated nuclei obtained from spermatozoa. On the contrary, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, present at the nuclear level in all cell types, accumulated in the nuclei of late spermatids and spermatozoa. These data support the contention that the spermatozoon nucleus stores a lipid-dependent signaling apparatus which could be reactivated either during sperm maturation or at fertilization.

PMID:
8905292
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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