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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1996 Oct;81(4):1642-50.

Influence of muscle fiber type and pedal frequency on oxygen uptake kinetics of heavy exercise.

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1
Department of Medicine, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California 90509, USA.

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that the amplitude of the additional slow component of O2 uptake (VO2) during heavy exercise is correlated with the percentage of type II (fast-twitch) fibers in the contracting muscles. Ten subjects performed transitions to a work rate calculated to require a VO2 equal to 50% between the estimated lactate (Lac) threshold and maximal VO2 (50% delta). Nine subjects consented to a muscle biopsy of the vastus lateralis. To enhance the influence of differences in fiber type among subjects, transitions were made while subjects were pedaling at 45, 60, 75, and 90 rpm in different trials. Baseline VO2 was designed to be similar at the different pedal rates by adjusting baseline work rate while the absolute increase in work rate above the baseline was the same. The VO2 response after the onset of exercise was described by a three-exponential model. The relative magnitude of the slow component at the end of 8-min exercise was significantly negatively correlated with % type I fibers at every pedal rate (r = 0.64 to 0.83, P < 0.05-0.01). Furthermore, the gain of the fast component for VO2 (as ml.min-1.W-1) was positively correlated with the % type I fibers across pedal rates (r = 0.69-0.83). Increase in pedal rate was associated with decreased relative stress of the exercise but did not affect the relationships between % fiber type and VO2 parameters. The relative contribution of the slow component was also significantly negatively correlated with maximal VO2 (r = -0.65), whereas the gain for the fast component was positively associated (r = 0.68-0.71 across rpm). The amplitude of the slow component was significantly correlated with net end-exercise Lac at all four pedal rates (r = 0.64-0.84), but Lac was not correlated with % type I (P > 0.05). We conclude that fiber type distribution significantly affects both the fast and slow components of VO2 during heavy exercise and that fiber type and fitness may have both codependent and independent influences on the metabolic and gas-exchange responses to heavy exercise.

PMID:
8904581
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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