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Vet Q. 1996 Sep;18(3):95-9.

Equine arteritis virus: a review of clinical features and management aspects.

Author information

1
Utrecht University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Institute of Virology, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Sero-epidemiological surveys have revealed that equine arteritis virus (EAV) is prevalent in most European countries. The virus causes sporadic cases of respiratory disease and abortion in horses, the incidence of which has increased in recent years. Mares and geldings eliminate virus after acute infection, but 30% to 60% of stallions become persistently infected. In these animals, EAV is maintained within the reproductive tract and is shed continuously in the semen. Persistent infection with EAV in stallions has no negative consequences for fertility but mares inseminated with virus-contaminated semen can have an acute infection. These mares shed large amounts of virus in respiratory secretions and urine, leading to lateral spread of the virus to other susceptible horses. Acute infection at later stages of gestation can lead to abortion. Effective control of the spread of EAV infection depends on the identification of virus-shedding stallions. Persistently infected stallions should not be used for breeding or should be bred only to seropositive mares. Mares bred to shedding stallions should be isolated from other animals for a period of 3 weeks following insemination to prevent the lateral spread of EAV.

PMID:
8903141
DOI:
10.1080/01652176.1996.9694625
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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