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Aviat Space Environ Med. 1996 Apr;67(4):364-8.

Aircrew ejections in the Republic of Bulgaria, 1953-93.

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Surgical Department, United Scientific and Research Institute For Aviation Medicine, Sofia, Bulgaria.


We reviewed the ejections of 60 pilots who ejected from 54 aircraft of Soviet production in the Republic of Bulgaria from 1953-93. The following factors were correlated with the degree of injury during ejection: the fliers' height, weight, and age; type of aircraft and ejection seat; altitude and speed of the aircraft at ejection; and the reason for ejection. The act of ejection can be a life-saving procedure when the aircraft gets into a non-recoverable situation, especially when carried out at an altitude above of 300 m, or at ground level. Survival rate of pilots in those cases is 95-100% respectively, compared to the general survival rate, which is 83%. Of the 60 ejectees, 10 (16.7%) were killed, 14 (23.3%) suffered major injuries, 17 (28.3%) suffered minor injuries, and 19 (31.7%) were uninjured.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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