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Pharm Res. 1996 Oct;13(10):1495-500.

Structure-activity relationships for substrates and inhibitors of mammalian liver microsomal carboxylesterases.

Author information

1
College of Pharmacy, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans 70125, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Carboxylesterases are important in the detoxification of drugs, pesticides and other xenobiotics. This study was to evaluate a series of substrates and inhibitors for characterizing these enzymes.

METHODS:

A series of novel aliphatic esters and thioesters were used in spectral assays to monitor human, murine and porcine esterases. A series of transition state mimics were evaluated as selective esterase inhibitors.

RESULTS:

Several alpha-alkyl thioacetothioates were found to be approximately 2 to 11-fold superior to commonly used substrates for monitoring carboxylesterase activity. Insertion of a heteroatom in the acid portion of these esters in the beta or gamma position relative to the carbonyl had a dramatic effect on enzyme activity with S or O substituents often improving the kCAT/K(M) ratio of the substrate and N decreasing it. Several alpha,alpha'-bis (2-oxo-3,3,3-trifluoropropylthio)alkanes proved to be potent selective transition state mimics of the esterase activity with IC50's from 10(-5) to 10(-9)M.

CONCLUSIONS:

This library of substrates and inhibitors are useful research tools for characterizing the numerous isozymes of carboxylesterases present in mammalian tissues.

PMID:
8899840
DOI:
10.1023/a:1016071311190
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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