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Eur J Biochem. 1996 Oct 1;241(1):70-6.

A nuclear protein factor binds specifically to the 3'-regulatory module of the long-interspersed-nuclear-element-like Dictyostelium repetitive element.

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Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie, Universität Frankfurt/Main (Biozentrum), Frankfurt, Germany.


The Dictyostelium repetitive element DRE integrates in a position-specific manner upstream of tRNA genes in the Dictyostelium discoideum genome. DRE has structural similarities to the group of long interspersed nuclear elements, whose replication mechanism is poorly understood. The C-module at the 3' end of DRE encodes a regulatory cis-acting sequence that contains an RNA polymerase II promoter. This promoter directs the synthesis of RNAs that are thought to play a critical role in DRE transposition. In this study, we describe the identification of a nuclear protein factor that binds to the C-module in a sequence-specific manner. The C-module-binding factor (CMBF) recognizes three DNA sequence motifs that contain homopolymeric (dT) stretches of variable lengths, but does not bind to a standard RNA polymerase II promoter from D, discoideum. Analysis of highly CMBF-enriched fractions and glycerol gradient sedimentation of CMBF suggest that the factor exists as a monomeric 115-kDa protein. Possible roles of CMBF in DRE transposition are discussed.

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