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Neurochem Res. 1996 Sep;21(9):1141-8.

Pharmacological characterization of a nicotinic autoreceptor in rat hippocampal synaptosomes.

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School of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, United Kingdom.


The modulation of [3H]ACh release by nicotinic compounds was studied in superfused rat hippocampal synaptosomes loaded with [3H]choline, (-)-Nicotine (0.1-10 microM) evoked a dose-dependent increase in [3H]ACh release; higher concentrations were less effective. Nicotine-evoked release was Ca(2+)-dependent, and blocked by the nicotinic antagonists dihydro-beta-erythroidine, mecamylamine, and pempidine. The alpha 7-selective antagonist methyllycaconitine did not inhibit nicotine-evoked release when tested at 1 microM, although at 10 microM some attenuation of the response was observed. Six agonists tested were equally efficacious in stimulating [3H]ACh release, as judged by the maximum responses, and gave the following EC50 values: (+/-)-epibatidine 0.12 microM; (+)-anatoxin-a 0.14 microM; (-)-nicotine 0.99 microM; (-)-cytisine 1.06 microM; ABT-418 2.6 microM; isoarecolone 43 microM. Each agonist generated a "bell-shaped" dose response curve, suggesting desensitisation at higher concentrations. This is supported by analysis of repetitive stimulation with (-)-nicotine and (-)-cytisine: S2/S1 ratios declined sharply with increasing concentration, whereas subsequent KC1-evoked release remained constant. These results are discussed in terms of possible nicotinic receptor subtypes that might be present on hippocampal nerve terminals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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