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J Sports Sci. 1995 Summer;13 Spec No:S41-8.

Overtraining: consequences and prevention.

Author information

1
Haematology Lab EB 271, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City 73190, USA.

Abstract

Overtraining refers to prolonged fatigue and reduced performance despite increased training. Its roots include muscle damage, cytokine actions, the acute phase response, improper nutrition, mood disturbances, and diverse consequences of stress hormone responses. The clinical features are varied, non-specific, anecdotal and legion. No single test is diagnostic. The best treatment is prevention, which means (1) balancing training and rest, (2) monitoring mood, fatigue, symptoms and performance, (3) reducing distress and (4) ensuring optimal nutrition, especially total energy and carbohydrate intake.

PMID:
8897319
DOI:
10.1080/02640419508732276
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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