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Diabetologia. 1996 Oct;39(10):1227-32.

GLP-1 does not not acutely affect insulin sensitivity in healthy man.

Author information

1
Institute of Experimental Clinical Research Arhus University Hospital, Denmark.

Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) (7-36 amide) may have the direct effect of increasing insulin sensitivity in healthy man. To evaluate this hypothesis we infused GLP-1 in seven lean healthy men during a hyper insulinaemic (0.8 mU.kg-1.min-1), euglycaemic (5 mmol/l) clamp. Somatostatin (450 micrograms/h was infused to suppress endogenous insulin secretion, and growth hormone (3 ng.kg-1.min-1) and glucagon (0.8 ng.kg-1.min-1) were infused to maintain basal levels. GLP-1 (50 pmol.kg-1.h-1) or 154 mmol/l NaCl (placebo) was infused after 3 h of equilibration, i.e. from 180-360 min. GLP-1 infusion resulted in GLP-1 levels of approximately 40 pmol/l. Plasma glucose, insulin, growth hormone, and glucagon levels were similar throughout the clamps. The rate of glucose infusion required to maintain euglycaemia was similar with or without GLP-1 infusion (7.69 +/- 1.17 vs 7.76 +/- 0.95 mg kg-1.min-1 at 150-180 min and 8.56 +/- 1.13 vs 8.55 +/- 0.68 mg.kg-1.min-1 at 330-360 min) and there was no difference in isotopically determined hepatic glucose production rates (-0.30 +/- 0.23 vs -0.16 +/- 0.22 mg.kg-1.min-1 at 330-360 min). Furthermore, arteriovenous glucose differences across the forearm were similar with or without GLP-1 infusion (1.43 +/- 0.23 vs 1.8 +/- 0.29 mmol/l), (ANOVA; p > 0.60, in all instances). In conclusion, GLP-1 (7-36 amide) administered for 3 h, leading to circulating levels within the physiological range, does not affect insulin sensitivity in healthy man.

PMID:
8897012
DOI:
10.1007/bf02658511
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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