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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1996 Aug;52(4):275-83.

Analysis of monoclonal antibodies specific for the gamma delta TcR.

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Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-7040, USA.


gamma delta T cells in ruminants can be subdivided in two or more subpopulations on the basis of the expression of surface antigen WC1, which can exist in different isoforms. In this study, 18 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) submitted to the Third International Workshop that were predicted to react with gamma delta TcR molecules were analysed and expression of their antigens was investigated on the different gamma delta T cell subpopulations. A set of control mAbs positive for TcR1 (86D), BoCD3 (MM1A), WC1 (B7A1, BAQ4A, CACTB32A, and BAQ89A) was included for comparative studies. Previous investigations demonstrated eight of the mAbs immunoprecipitated peptides with apparent M(r)s of 37 and/or 47 kDa, indicating they recognized determinants on the T cell receptor, TcR1. Two color flow cytometric analyses in the present study demonstrated the mAbs formed three groups; group 1, a set of mAbs that recognize TcR1 determinants expressed on all gamma delta T cells and groups 2 and 3, sets of mAbs that recognize TcR1 determinants on some gamma delta T cells: TcR1-N6 and TcR1-N7 respectively. mAbs from the latter groups define families of TcR1 molecules that express either one or both of the determinants. These antigenically distinct forms of TcR1 are expressed in equal proportion on the two gamma delta T cell populations that express one of the mutually exclusive isoforms of WC1, WC1-N3 and WC1-N4. The data indicate usage of the mAb-defined families of the gamma delta TcR is primarily restricted to the WC1+ subpopulation of gamma delta T cells. However, a small subpopulation of CD2+, WC1- gamma delta T cells expresses a form of TcR1 positive for the determinant TcR1-N6.

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