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Cancer Res. 1996 Nov 1;56(21):5071-8.

Human prostate carcinoma cells express functional alphaIIb(beta)3 integrin.

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Department of Radiation Oncology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202, USA.


The integrin alphaIIb(beta)3 was initially believed to be expressed only in cells from the megakaryocytic lineage, such as platelets or HEL cells. In this study, we report for the first time that human prostate carcinoma PC-3 and DU-145 cells express alphaIIb(beta)3. Reverse transcription-PCR from HEL (positive control), PC-3, and DU-145 cells amplified a predicted alphaIIb fragment that hybridized to the full-length alphaIIb cDNA probe. DNA sequencing of the PCR fragments revealed 100% sequence homology to the corresponding extracellular domain of platelet alphaIIb but minimal sequence homology to integrins (alpha)v or a5. An RNase protection assay was used to confirm the results from reverse transcription-PCR. An antisense riboprobe to alphaIIb mRNA hybridized to total RNA from HEL, PC-3, and DU-145 cells, suggesting that alphaIIb mRNA is transcribed in these tumor cells. In situ hybridization on surgical specimens from human prostate tumor tissue stained positive with an antisense riboprobe to alphaIIb mRNA. The expression of alphaIIb(beta)3 protein in PC-3 and DU-145 cells was demonstrated by Western and dot blotting and flow cytometry with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to alphaIIb (MAB 1990), beta3, and alphaIIb(beta)3 (AP-2). A protein kinase C activator, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, increased the adhesion of PC-3 cells to PAC-1, a mAb specific to the high-affinity state of alphaIIb(beta)3, by more than 80-fold. The invasion of DU-145 cells through a reconstituted basement membrane was blocked 40-50% by mAbs AP-2 or PAC-1. These data collectively suggest that: (a) prostate tumor cells express alphaIIb(beta)3; (b) surface expression of alphaIIb(beta)3 integrin is regulated by protein kinase C; and (c) mAbs to this receptor inhibit invasion of prostate cancer cells through a reconstituted basement membrane.

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