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Oncogene. 1996 Oct 17;13(8):1659-65.

Down-regulation of gadd153 by c-myc in rat fibroblasts and its effect on cell growth and radiation-induced apoptosis.

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Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York 10021, USA.


Using differential display reverse transcription PCR (DDRT - PCR), we found that a 360 bp cDNA fragment was absent in several c-myc transfected rat fibroblasts: REC:myc, REC:myc + ras and rat1-myc. These cells also showed enhanced sensitivity to gamma ray-induced apoptosis. This cDNA fragment was present in the parental REC (Rat Embryo Cells) and rat1 cells, and in c-Ha-ras transfected REC (REC:ras), all of which were relatively resistant to gamma ray-induced apoptosis. The cDNA fragment was subsequently cloned and used as a probe to screen a rat1 cDNA library, and identified as one of the growth arrest and DNA damaging-inducible genes, gadd153. In addition to the down-regulation of rat gadd153 in all the c-myc transfectants, methyl methanesulfonate (MMS)-induced transcription of the gadd153 was attenuated. The rat1-myc cells, when successfully transfected with and stably expressing the rat gadd153, showed a significantly longer doubling time compared to the parental cells. However, overexpression of gadd153 in rat1-myc cells did not affect gamma ray-induced apoptosis. Thus, the suppression of gadd153 appears to be inversely correlated with that of myc, but not involved in the myc-dependent apoptotic pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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