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Endocrinology. 1996 Nov;137(11):5045-54.

Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is necessary and sufficient for insulin-stimulated stress fiber breakdown.

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Department of Medicine, Veterans Administration Medical Center, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla 92093, USA.


Rat-1 fibroblasts overexpressing the human insulin receptor undergo rapid actin rearrangement in response to insulin. Breakdown of stress fibers present in quiescent cells is followed by transient membrane ruffling and a return of stress fibers. We investigated the signaling pathways that mediate this insulin-stimulated reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton, which was visualized with rhodamine-phalloidin. Treatment of cells with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) inhibitor wortmannin prevented insulin action at the preliminary step of stress fiber breakdown. Cellular microinjection of a polyclonal antibody directed against the p85 subunit of PI3-kinase as well as a purified recombinant p85-SH2 domain protein also inhibited actin reorganization. Transient expression of a constitutively active form of PI3-kinase (p110*) was sufficient to cause both stress fiber breakdown and membrane ruffling in the absence of insulin. Microinjection of a polyclonal anti-Shc antibody or dominant negative N17-Ras protein did not affect actin dynamics, and although constitutively active V12-Ras caused modest cytoskeletal reorganization, this effect was blocked by pretreatment with wortmannin. In summary, activation of PI3-kinase is necessary and sufficient to stimulate actin rearrangement, indicating that PI3-kinase may initiate the only signaling cascade required for insulin to induce cytoskeletal restructuring.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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