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J Hum Hypertens. 1996 Aug;10(8):523-9.

Glucose load and renal sodium handling in mild essential hypertension on different sodium intakes.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, St George's Hospital Medical School, London, UK.


The aims of the present study were to investigate the effects of changes in sodium intake in patients with untreated mild essential hypertension on the hormonal (plasma renin activity and aldosterone) and renal tubular responses to short-term hyperinsulinemia as achieved by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Fourteen patients with essential hypertension (mean age, 46 years; average blood pressure (BP), 151/96 mm Hg) were studied. After a 1 week run-in period on their usual diet they entered a randomized double-blind crossover study of a week of low (10 mmol/day) vs a week of high (350 mmol/day) sodium intake. On the last day of each diet they underwent a standard 2-h OGTT. Blood and urines were taken hourly and segmental tubular sodium handling was assessed by the endogenous lithium clearance. The results demonstrate that the plasma insulin and glucose response to a short-term oral glucose load were not influenced significantly by the changes in dietary sodium intake. However, the glucose load was associated with marked renal sodium retention in the absence of any change in systemic BP. The reduction in renal sodium excretion was independent of circulating aldosterone but appeared to be due to an increase in renal distal tubular re-absorption.

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