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Genet Epidemiol. 1996;13(4):343-54.

On planning of samples for linkage analysis: two ways of a sample size reduction.

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Department of Anatomy and Anthropology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel.


The sample size required for a given type I and type II errors of linkage decision is determined by using the earlier proposed method of the linkage test power estimation [Ginsburg et al., 1996]. Dependence of the sample size on the heterozygotic genotype penetrance is investigated. Two approaches to sample size reduction are considered: the choice of marker gene and the special extension of analyzed pedigree structures. Their effects are quantitatively evaluated in some illustrative situations. It is shown that a practical reduction in sample size can be achieved only when the added part of a pedigree has a special set of phenotypic characteristics in its members.

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